Detailed rules for the revitalization plan of the

2022-08-14
  • Detail

The steel industry is an important pillar industry of the national economy. It involves a wide range of industries, has a high degree of industrial relevance, and has a large consumption pull. It plays an important role in economic construction, social development, finance and taxation, national defense construction, and stable employment

in order to cope with the impact of the international financial crisis, implement the general requirements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council to maintain growth, expand domestic demand and adjust the structure, ensure the smooth operation of the steel industry, speed up structural adjustment and promote industrial upgrading, this plan is hereby formulated as an action plan for the comprehensive response measures of the steel industry. The planning period is years

I. current situation and situation of steel industry

China is a large country of steel production and consumption, and the output of crude steel ranks first in the world for 13 consecutive years. Since the beginning of the 21st century when the oil return valve has been closed, China's steel industry has developed rapidly, with an average annual increase of 21.1% in crude steel output. In 2008, the output of crude steel reached 500 million tons, accounting for 38% of the global output. The apparent consumption of domestic crude steel was 453 million tons, and the direct export was equivalent to 60million tons of crude steel, accounting for 15% of the world steel trade volume. In 2007, iron and Steel Enterprises above Designated Size achieved an industrial added value of 993.6 billion yuan, accounting for 4% of the national GDP, achieved a profit of 243.6 billion yuan, accounting for 9% of the total profits of industrial enterprises, and 3.58 million people were directly engaged in iron and steel production. Steel products basically meet domestic needs, and some key varieties have reached the international advanced level. The steel industry has strongly supported and driven the development of related industries, promoted social employment, and made important contributions to ensuring the sound and rapid development of the national economy

however, the contradiction accumulated in the long-term extensive development of the steel industry has become increasingly prominent. First, blind investment is serious, and the total capacity is excessive. By the end of 2008, China's crude steel production capacity had reached 660 million tons, which exceeded the actual demand by about 100 million tons. Second, the innovation ability is not strong. Advanced production technology, high-end product research and development and application still mainly rely on introduction and imitation. Some high-end key varieties of steel still need to be imported in large quantities, and the consumption structure is at the medium and low level. Third, the industrial layout is unreasonable. Most iron and steel enterprises are located in large and medium-sized cities in inland areas, which are seriously restricted by environmental capacity, water resources, transportation conditions, energy supply and other factors. Fourth, the industrial concentration is low. The average size of crude steel production enterprises is less than 1million tons, and the steel output of the top five enterprises accounts for only 28.5% of the total national output. Fifth, the resource control is weak, the domestic iron ore resource endowment is low, and the self-sufficiency rate is less than 50%. Sixth, the circulation order is chaotic. There are more than 150000 dealers of steel products, with a strong tendency of speculation

since the second half of 2008, with the spread and spread of the international financial crisis, China's iron and steel industry has been seriously impacted, resulting in a steep decline in production and demand, a sharp decline in prices, business difficulties, and losses in the whole industry. The stable development of the iron and steel industry is facing unprecedented challenges. It should be noted that after a long-term extensive expansion, the steel industry is bound to undergo a major adjustment. At this stage, China's urbanization and industrialization tasks are still arduous, domestic demand potential is huge, and the fundamentals of the development of the steel industry have not changed. We must seize the opportunity, formulate and implement the structural adjustment and revitalization plan of the steel industry, and promote the stable operation and healthy development of the steel industry

II. Guiding ideology, basic principles and objectives

(I) guiding ideology

comprehensively implement the spirit of the 17th CPC National Congress, take Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents" as the guidance, thoroughly implement the scientific concept of development, and, in accordance with the overall requirements of maintaining growth, expanding domestic demand, and adjusting the structure, coordinate the domestic and foreign markets, and focus on controlling the total amount, eliminating backward areas, enterprise restructuring, technological transformation, and optimizing the layout, and strive to promote the structural adjustment, optimization, and upgrading of the iron and steel industry, Effectively enhance the quality of enterprises and international competitiveness, and speed up the transformation of the iron and steel industry from large to strong

(II) basic principles

1. To cope with the crisis and revitalize the industry. Based on the current situation and with a long-term view, we should not only strive to solve the main difficulties faced by the iron and steel industry at present, ensure advanced productivity, key backbone enterprises, key varieties, market stability, and promote the steady development of the industry, but also make full use of the market forcing mechanism, make full use of various favorable factors, speed up the optimization and upgrading of the iron and steel industrial structure, and constantly enhance the momentum of industrial development

2. Control the total amount and optimize the layout. In accordance with the requirements of scientific and reasonable layout along the coast, along the river and inland and adapting to the resources and environment, combined with the elimination of backward, enterprise restructuring and the relocation of urban steel mills, and on the premise of controlling the total amount, adjust and optimize the industrial layout

3. Combine independent innovation with technological transformation. Cultivate the original innovation, integrated innovation and the ability to introduce, digest, absorb and re innovate of enterprises, strive to break through the key technologies that restrict industrial transformation and upgrading, strengthen technological transformation, improve the level of process equipment, and improve the grade and quality of products

4. Combining enterprise reorganization with system innovation. Through institutional innovation, efforts should be made to eliminate institutional obstacles such as the distribution of fiscal and tax interests, asset allocation, debt verification and disposal that affect enterprise restructuring, so as to create a good environment for promoting the development of iron and steel enterprise groups and realizing cross regional, cross ownership and cross industry mergers and acquisitions

5. Combine domestic demand with global allocation. Insist on making full use of two markets and two kinds of resources, give priority to meeting the needs of the domestic market, optimize direct exports, expand indirect exports, and seize opportunities to actively implement the "going global" strategy while striving to strengthen geological exploration and rational development and utilization of domestic iron ore resources

(III) planning objectives

strive to curb the downward trend of the steel industry in 2009 and maintain overall stability. By 2011, the extensive development mode of the iron and steel industry has been significantly changed, the technical level and innovation ability have reached a new level, the comprehensive competitiveness has been significantly improved, the status of the pillar industry has been consolidated and strengthened, and the track of sound development has been stepped into

1. The total amount is restored to a reasonable level. In 2009, China's crude steel output was 460 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 8%; Apparent consumption remained at about 430 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 5%. By 2011, the output of crude steel was about 500 million tons, the apparent consumption was about 450 million tons, and the proportion of industrial added value in GDP remained at 4%

2. New breakthroughs have been made in eliminating backward production capacity. The blast furnace capacity of 300 cubic meters and below and the converter and electric furnace capacity of 20 tons and below will be eliminated on schedule. We will raise the standard for eliminating backward production capacity and strive to eliminate another 72million tons of backward iron making capacity and 25million tons of steel-making capacity within three years

3. Significant progress has been made in joint restructuring. Several super large enterprises with strong independent innovation ability and international competitiveness have been formed. The production capacity of the top five domestic steel enterprises accounts for more than 45% of the national production capacity, and the production capacity of coastal and riverside steel enterprises accounts for more than 40% of the national production capacity. The industrial layout has been significantly optimized, and the pollution of steel enterprises in key central cities has been significantly reduced

4. Technological progress has been greatly improved. Strengthen technological transformation, speed up technological progress, reduce production costs, improve product quality, and optimize the variety structure. The physical quality of more than 60% of the products of key large and medium-sized iron and steel enterprises has reached the international advanced level. The extra thick steel plates and high-pressure boiler tubes for million KW thermal power and nuclear power, and the wires in the high magnetic induction and low iron loss oriented silicon for transformers above 250000 KVA have been bitten by rats. The production of steel and other products has achieved autonomy. The self-sufficiency rate of key steel varieties has reached more than 90%, and the use proportion of hot-rolled ribbed steel bars of 400MPa and above has reached more than 60%

5. The ability of independent innovation was further enhanced. By introducing, digesting, absorbing and innovating, and improving the level of technical equipment, general equipment is basically localized and autonomous, and the localization rate of large equipment is more than 92%. Strive to make new breakthroughs in key process technologies, energy-saving and emission reduction technologies, as well as high-end product R & D, production and application technologies

6. Remarkable achievements have been made in energy conservation and emission reduction. The comprehensive energy consumption of key large and medium-sized enterprises per ton of steel is not more than 620 kg of standard coal, the new water consumption per ton of steel is less than 5 tons, the smoke and dust emission per ton of steel is less than 1.0 kg, and the carbon dioxide emission per ton of steel is less than 1.8 kg. The secondary energy is basically 100% recycled, the metallurgical slag is nearly 100% comprehensively utilized, and the pollutant emission concentration and total emission are both up to standard

III. key tasks of industrial adjustment and revitalization

in accordance with the above guiding ideology, basic principles and planning objectives, we should focus on the following eight aspects at present and in the future

(I) maintain the stability of the domestic market and improve the export environment

actively implement the national measures to expand domestic demand, stabilize the construction steel market, and ensure the steel for key projects. Through the adjustment and revitalization of relevant industries, efforts should be made to stabilize and expand the demand for automobile, shipbuilding, equipment manufacturing and other industries, as well as the steel demand for real estate construction such as affordable housing, new rural construction, post earthquake reconstruction, roads, railways, airports and other major infrastructure construction. The proportion of construction steel in domestic consumption is stable at about 50%

improve the import and export environment of steel products, implement moderately flexible export tax policies, stabilize the international market share, and encourage the indirect export of steel products. Organize associations and enterprises to actively deal with trade frictions such as anti-dumping and countervailing, and strive for a good international trade environment

(II) strictly control the total amount of steel and accelerate the elimination of backward

strictly control new production capacity, and no longer approve and support steel projects that simply build and expand production capacity. All projects must be based on the elimination of backward projects. By the end of 2010, 53.4 million tons of blast furnace capacity of 300 cubic meters and below, and 3.2 million tons of converter and electric furnace capacity of 20 tons and below will be eliminated; By the end of 2011, blast furnaces with a capacity of 400 cubic meters or less, converters with a capacity of 30 tons or less and electric furnaces will be eliminated, and the backward ironmaking capacity of 72 million tons and steelmaking capacity of 25 million tons will be eliminated accordingly. Regions that implement the elimination of backward and build large iron and steel plants and other regions with conditions should raise the standard of eliminating backward production capacity to less than 1000 cubic meters of blast furnace and corresponding steelmaking capacity

(III) promote enterprise restructuring and improve industrial concentration

further give play to the leading role of large enterprise groups such as Baosteel, Anshan Iron and Steel Group and Wuhan Iron and Steel Group, and promote Anshan Iron and Steel Group, Guangdong iron and Steel Group, Guangxi iron and Steel Group, Hebei Iron and Steel Group and Shandong Iron and Steel Group to complete the substantive reorganization of internal production, supply and marketing, and unified management of human and property; Promote the cross regional restructuring of Anshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. and Panzhihua Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., Northeast Special Steel Co., Ltd., Baosteel and Baotou Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., Ningbo iron and Steel Co., Ltd., and promote the restructuring of Tianjin steel pipe and Tiantie, Tiangang, Tianjin Metallurgical Company, TISCO and provincial iron and steel enterprises. Strive to form several super large iron and steel enterprises with a capacity of more than 50million tons and strong international competitiveness nationwide by 2011, such as Baosteel Group, AnBen group and WISCO group; A number of large iron and steel enterprises with a capacity of 10 ~ 30 million tons will be formed

(IV) strengthen technological transformation and promote technological progress

implement the special project of technological progress and technological transformation of the iron and steel industry, and give key support to large backbone enterprises that comply with the national industrial policy, leading enterprises that implement cross regional, cross ownership and cross industry restructuring, leading enterprises that implement cross regional, cross ownership and cross industry restructuring, and enterprises that produce key materials for national defense, military industry and Aerospace; To develop key steel varieties such as high-speed railway steel, high magnetic induction oriented silicon steel and high-strength mechanical steel, promote the use of high-strength steel bars and material saving technology, and develop high-temperature and high-pressure dry quenching, sintering waste heat utilization

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